Have the Saudis always been at war with the Shia?

The Economist on Middle East “Proxies and Paranoia”

Accusing Iran of fuelling unrest among Shias across the region, including among the kingdom’s own 10% Shia minority, Saudi rulers have for decades given free rein, as well as funding around the globe, to Sunni preachers spewing venom against the rival, smaller branch of the faith. A recent trove of Saudi diplomatic documents revealed by the whistle-blowing group WikiLeaks exposes a near-obsessive fear of Shia influence. In one cable, the kingdom’s embassy in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, warns that the change of a green-coloured shroud for a black one to cover a Sufi saint’s tomb reflects a creeping Shia tide.

The fears are mutual. Iranian officials mutter that Islamic State (IS) and other Sunni jihadist groups are Saudi pawns. Nuri al-Maliki, the Iran-backed former Iraqi prime minister whose antipathy to Sunnis is widely seen as having paved the way for IS’s rise, suggested, absurdly, that Saudi Arabia be annexed by the UN because it had “lost control” of Wahhabism, the root cause of terrorism.

That’s not all that ‘absurd’, but this is the Economist, the British version of Qorvis.

Sunni leaders and Shia leaders have worked together in the past, competing to support Hamas. It seems odd that the Saudi publicity machine would claim that they have always been at war with the Shia.

The leaders of Iran, Saudi Arabia and Qatar fear their own people more than they fear each other. They’re using the Shia/Sunni conflict in the same way they used the Israeli/Palestinian issue, to distract their unfortunate citizens from government mismanagement and kleptocracy.

The real real reason for the Iran deal

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Jubilant crowds in Iran celebrating the nuclear deal. They are chanting slogans, which, in addition to supporting the nuclear deal, also demand Rouhani to hold his promises in the social realm: “The next deal that should be signed, should be Iran citizen rights

The Daily Beast tells us The Real Reason Obama Did the Iran Deal

And Slate knows the ‘real reason’ why Israel, Saudi Arabia and ‘Neocons’ hate the Iran Deal.

The right and the left are taking their sides, but it is hard to find a ‘real’ reason to take Iran or Saudi Arabia’s side in any issue. Both are enemy states, both support terrorist militias, both are, basically, enemies of humanity.

The Saudi regime and the Iranian regime are both more afraid of their own people than they are of each other. Most of the regimes in the Middle East are run by kleptocrats who used Israel and the ‘Palestinian cause’ to keep a lid on their peoples’ justifiable outrage for decades. In 2011, when kleptocratic, authoritarian mismanagement became too much to bear, they lost control and got the ‘Arab Spring’.

The war that Iran and Saudi Arabia are ginning up between Shia and Sunni is their last chance to avoid meeting Gaddafi’s fate. America and Israel also want to maintain the status quo, but if they don’t address the issues that caused the Arab spring, if they can’t stop relying on horrifically incompetent and genuinely evil leaders to keep order in the region, the whole mess will fall apart no matter what we do. We can’t expect people in the Middle East to put up with being ruled by monsters just because we prefer the devil we know.

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Slavery is a part of our past

It shouldn’t be part of our future

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Day 40 hunger strike: Simon on Sharansky steps at the United Nations, NYC

(Via Hunger Strike for South Sudan)

New York, NY (Tuesday, June 23, 2015) – Today marks the 40th day of Simon Aban Deng’s hunger strike for South Sudan. Though Mr. Deng—a former child-slave turned competitive swimming champion, currently a human rights activist & New York City lifeguard supervisor—is growing weaker by the day, he remains resolute. Until President Obama and his administration signal an immediate shift in U.S. policy toward South Sudan, Simon will continue his fast.

“If I must die on the steps of the White House, then so be it,” Simon said last month in Washington, D.C. In order to be closer to his family at this stage of his prolonged fast, Mr. Deng is now primarily protesting in New York City. Supporters & members of the media can find him each day between 9am and 12pm outside the UN, near the Sharansky Steps at 43rd Street & 1st Avenue.

“The world is a better place today thanks to people throughout history standing up for what they believe,” says Mr. Deng. “The war and destruction in South Sudan has become a slow-motion genocide, and we people of conscience must stand up if we are ever going to stop it. My hunger strike must be just one part of a larger movement. Together we must pursue all possible avenues to achieve peace. We must never stop working toward peace.”

In Sudan, political violence, starvation and mass deaths

Over the past year of violence in South Sudan—which only became an independent from Sudan in July 2011—some 70,000 people have been killed, some 2 million have been driven from their homes, and over 4 million are currently at risk of starvation, all due to the internecine conflict between South Sudanese rulers (and former allies) President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar.

In an open letter to President Obama sent on May 15th, the first day of the fast, Mr. Deng likened South Sudan to an infant, brought into existence with the U.S. as midwife, but then abandoned to fend for itself. “We brought freedom to South Sudan,” Mr. Deng writes. “It is our baby. We cannot allow it the freedom to fail.”

Mr. Deng addressed President Obama directly: “I call on you today to prove your commitment to the people of South Sudan. You alone can force a peaceful end to this insanity. It will not require ‘US boots on the ground,’ but it will require consistent engagement, seriousness of purpose, and a willingness to both make threats and follow through on them. In short, it will require your leadership.”

Mr. Deng’s hunger strike has made news in Juba and across South Sudan, but has been largely ignored by U.S. media. High-profile supporters—including comedian/activist Dick Gregory, radio host Joe Madison, and Enough Project Co-Founder John Prendergast—were frequent visitors while Mr. Deng was in Washington, DC, yet few in the public even know that South Sudan exists—let alone that it is being destroyed by a senseless civil war. Mr. Deng remains optimistic that his action will bring much-needed public attention to the plight of his people, and that US policy could completely change the situation on the ground.

“I will be starving myself until the U.S. makes perfectly clear that the war in South Sudan is unacceptable—and we will not stand for it.” -Simon Deng

Simon Aban Deng grew up in Malakal, South Sudan, then a part of Sudan. At the age of nine he was captured into slavery and taken to northern Sudan. After fortuitously escaping his life as a slave at the age of 12, he returned home a free person and was reunited with his family, but eventually returned to the north where he overcame intense discrimination and persecution to become long-distance swimming champion of Sudan.

In 1990, he moved as a refugee to the United States. For many years, he didn’t discuss his former life, but after reading an article detailing how slaves could still be bought for $10, Simon committed himself to telling his story and advocating for justice in his homeland. In March 2006, he launched the Sudan Freedom Walk, a 300-mile trek from United Nations headquarters in New York City to the U.S. Capitol in Washington, DC, calling for an end to slavery and genocide in Sudan. The walk culminated with a rally featuring speeches from a bipartisan group of lawmakers including then-Senators Hillary Clinton (D-NY) and Sam Brownback (R-KS), and was followed up with meetings at the White House with President George W. Bush, on Capitol Hill with then-Senator Barack Obama, and in Geneva with the UN Human Rights Commission.

Simon has led subsequent Sudan Freedom Walks, including one from Brussels to The Hague, and has returned many times to the land of his birth. He is a well-known and revered figure in South Sudan, and is personally acquainted with the leaders of both of the warring parties (President Salva Kiir and former Vice President Riek Machar), whom he has repeatedly called on to end the senseless cycle of violence. When he’s not working to save his people, Simon helps to save New York residents and visitors as a lifeguard working for the city. He lives in the Bronx with his wife Monica and their beautiful baby Hope.

Saudi Arabia: fears mount for jailed blogger Raif Badawi | Amnesty International UK

Ironically, just a few hundred metres away from this meeting, Badawi was languishing in a prison cell and the Saudi Arabian Supreme Court was delivering its judgment upholding his sentence for peacefully exercising his right to freedom of expression.

Source: Saudi Arabia: fears mount for jailed blogger Raif Badawi | Amnesty International UK

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